Destinations are descriptions of paddling destinations. They first appeared in the QAYAQ newsletter as a series of articles on destinations on the Bruce Peninsula, written by Doug Cunningham for the Georgian Bay Committee.


There is a certain mystery to this wild corner of Georgian Bay, brought on by few roads, far too many islands for one short lifetime, and sparkling reefs just waiting for a southwest blow.

It’s a land that needs respect.

Never a hub of commerce, there was a time a few short decades ago, when steel magnates dreamed and schemed for a “Pittsburgh of the North” to spring from its shores. Distance, weather and her own secret ways kept this human intervention from happening. It’s our blessed luck, because today this land of rock, trees and water has become a paddler’s dream.

Nobody has really said for sure, but the northeast seems to begin at Parry Sound. It’s a good place to start. Historic and deep, “The Sound” has been home to people for thousands of years. To the west are the Mink and McCoy Islands, ancient summer home and fishing grounds for the Algonquians, the first people of the Bay.

In more recent times, the southern Minks were home to several families working some of the most productive fishing grounds on the Bay. Now, the is-lands are left mostly to themselves, with a few very determined summer residents. These rocky isles are some of the last as one looks to the open west. There is a special feeling to be camped out there and experience a westerly blow from a well-anchored tent! The Mink and McCoy group is lonely yet close. From Snug Harbour, a quiet cove north of Parry Sound, a three-hour paddle will bring you there. But those can be three long hours if the wind rises. Go with care.

Journeying north to Pointe au Baril, cottages, powerboats and summer people abound amongst the myriad channels. But for the intrepid paddler, a more solitary challenge awaits. Keeping to the outside, the Hangdog Reefs guard the near wilderness of the place where Bay water meets shore. Once past the Hang-dog, the coast becomes both quieter and tougher.

Perhaps the most difficult piece in a southwesterly blow is the Head Island Reefs. Innocent looking in a breeze, they need to be given a wide berth when things get wild. But the Bay gives back. The outlets of the Naiscoot River empty on this shore, and provide a wonderful refuge from Bay winds.

You can spend days exploring these calm channels.

North and beyond lies Byng Inlet, the mouth of the Magnetawan River, and home to the villages of Britt and Byng Inlet. A hundred years ago, the people there thrived on trees. Logs, floated down the “Mag,” were gathered, milled, boomed and shipped to insatiable southern markets. Much quieter now, today’s residents are a friendly, community-minded folk who have made their own way with the rugged landscape.

Byng is a good starting point for the real northeast corner of the Bay. A few kilometres up lies Champlain Island, site of an old fishing station and dotted with excellent camping spots. Paddling north, the Churchill Islands and the One Tree Island group appear. The latter is well out and exposed to the open Bay, but affords spectacular vistas for the adventurous traveller.

In this corner of the Bay, Key Harbour is the last access on the east shore. Be ready though for a 13 kilometre paddle up the inlet to Highway 69 and the nearest road connection. This distance, and the lack of other access has been the single most important reason why the area hasn’t been overrun with boats and people. Simply put, it takes some effort and will to get here. It could have been different.

The harbour of the Key was the site of iron ore loading docks back in the early 1900s. Huge deposits in northern Ontario were to be processed at the Key and shipped south. Some ore was transported, but developers finally realized the costs involved and shut it down, closing the door on a future of industrial development. For several decades afterwards, coal was shipped into the Key to supply rail operations farther north, but that activity too, quietly passed on.

Heading westward brings the Bay traveller to the French River Delta. The outlets of this famous river of the fur trade and the labyrinth of channels and smooth granite could be cheerfully explored for a life-time. Protection from Bay winds is gained here, and many a summer’s day can be whiled away in special spots, picking blueberries and swimming in the clear water. It’s a favourite place for boaters, but paddlers can escape by seeking the shallow channels and reefs where larger boats can’t venture.

The Bustard Islands offshore from the delta have been called the jewel in the crown of Georgian Bay’s islands. Once home to a flourishing fishing station, like other out-island communities along the Bay, the commerce has now gone. The islands beckon by seeming to be close, but many a paddler has been caught confidently heading out to them and having to turn tail with the rising wind. Once there, the possibilities are many. The east and south sides provide the most relief from powerboats, and with all the places to explore, a couple of utterly unproductive and perfectly lovely weeks could be spent here.

There is a sense of heading out when paddling westward from the Bustards. The coast is still friendly, but there are very few islands for protection. The big hurdle for paddlers has always been Point Grondine. Not a large obstacle, but what can make it nasty is the shallow reefs offshore in a southerly blow. It supposedly got its name from the fur-trading voyageurs who thought the rocks groaned from the voices of lost canoemen. One wonders if it was simply their groans from long hours battling a headwind. Whatever the reason, this spot can be gentle and calm …

The reward farther along is an enchanting scatter of islets called The Chickens. They are a paddler’s delight with a maze of routes through low-lying rock and pine islands.

Once through, heading west, a paddler comes to a decision point: whether to be gathered into the bosom of welcoming Beaverstone Bay and the shelter of Collin’s Inlet, or to be the carefree adventurer and explore the exposed south shore of Philip Edward Island.

The former has history on its side. The First People of the area, and afterwards the Voyageurs, both chose the quietness of the inlet whenever the Bay looked threatening. But to take the exposed side is to laugh the adventurer’s laugh, face the wind down and carry on. Beckoning the stalwart forward are the Fox Islands, a grouping of high, pink, smooth granite with campsites one can only dream about. The white quartzite hills of Killarney are a striking backdrop to this wild waterscape.

Collin’s Inlet is framed by the north side of Philip Edward Island and the Killarney mainland. Deciding to paddle its narrow, sheltered water west takes the paddler past the historic mill town\ of Collin’s Inlet. In its day, the mill churned out hundreds of thousands of board feet of pine. A lumber schooner was reportedly constructed right there at the mill site. Farther along, native rock paintings give silent record to the passage of ancient canoes.

At the westerly mouth of Collin’s Inlet is Chickanishing Creek. There is a road here and the creek gives access to both the inlet and the south side of Philip Edward Island.

To the open west lies Killarney Bay, a large, exposed stretch of water. Once it is traversed, the paddler can escape to the Killarney village channel and a deserved stopover. The town site was once a native fishing encampment, a fur trade post, more recently a fishing village and now home to a few hundred yearround residents. Thousands of summer vacationers visit Killarney by car and boat each year. This is the last major community in the northeast Bay before Little Current and the entrance to the North Channel.

Between the two is an enchanting paddling area comprising Frazer Bay, Baie Fine and McGregor Bay. Cloaked by the La Cloche Mountains, this area deserves exploring, with many opportunities for hiking the quartzite hills from water’s edge campsites.

A very special part of the Bay, the northeast coast is wild and gentle, travelled and remote. A place of contrasts, meant to be visited softly and with grace. A place meant for paddling people.

White Squall’s Tim Dyer wrote this poetic description of the land he travels and loves. You may have read it in a recent posting from Tim if you are on the White Squall email list. You can easily get Tim’s random thoughts by dropping a note to

Paddling the Rankin River

by Rob Muylwyk

Eagle on nest in Boat Lake
Eagle on nest in Boat Lake

The excellent “Bruce Peninsula Paddling Destinations” produced by the Georgian Bay Committee, originally published in Qayaq and available on our web-site, ignores one of the Peninsula’s worthwhile interior paddling waters. These are the inland lakes generally referred to as the “Rankin River Route”, consisting of Isaac Lake, Boat Lake, and the river that connects them, named after surveyor Charles Rankin. Continue reading

Bruce Peninsula – Stokes Bay to Cape Hurd

by Doug Cunningham

The shallow waters ... can produce plunging waves
The shallow waters … can produce plunging waves

The Lake Huron side of the Bruce Peninsula slopes gently toward the west and cradles warm, almost bathtub-like waters, which are punctuated now and then by smooth sand beaches. Great for swimming or practising your Eskimo roll. Some of the most spectacular sunsets on the Great Lakes can be viewed from the western coast of the Bruce Peninsula. Continue reading

Bruce Peninsula – Barrow Bay to Cape Croker

by Doug Cunningham

Cape Croker Lighthouse
Cape Croker Lighthouse

This section of the Bruce Peninsula offers sheltered paddling within Hope Bay and Sydney Bay and many opportunities to explore Escarpment geology along the Bruce Trail above these Bays. The total distance from Barrow Bay to the Cape Croker Indian Park is about 25 kilometres, if you follow the indented coastline of Hope Bay; or about 18 kilometres, if you avoid Hope Bay by crossing from Cape Dundas to Cape Paulett. In either case it is about one day’s paddling. Continue reading

Colpoy’s Bay Islands

Griffith Island Lighthouse
Griffith Island Lighthouse

by Doug Cunningham

Spectacular vistas await the paddler as he circumnavigates White Cloud Island in Colpoy’s Bay: majestic bluffs, blue water, forested islands and cobblestone beaches. Continue reading

Bruce Peninsula – Cabot Head to Lion’s Head

by Doug Cunningham

Escarpment on the Bruce Peninsula Coast
Escarpment on the Bruce Peninsula Coast

The east coast of the Bruce Peninsula offers a number of paddling options, from short day trips to an extended 35 kilometre paddle covering the entire distance from Cabot Head to Lion’s Head. Continue reading

Bruce Peninsula – Northeast Coast

Looking for Fossils along the Bruce Peninsula Coast
Looking for Fossils along the Bruce Peninsula Coast

by Doug Cunningham

The northeast coast is without a doubt the most spectacular part of the Bruce Peninsula. The rugged escarpment cliffs combine with the crystalline clear blue waters of Georgian Bay and the off-shore islands of the Fathom Five National Marine Park to create scenic vistas that are unrivaled anywhere. Continue reading

Fishing Islands

by Doug Cunningham
Eagle's nest in the Fishing Islands.

Eagle’s nest in the Fishing Islands.

Imagine exploring an archipelago of over 70 dolomite islands located no more than 3 kilometres from the western shoreline of the Bruce Peninsula. The Fishing Islands offer just such an experience. The trip through the islands from Oliphant to Red Bay or Howdenvale can vary in length from 11 to 15 kilometres depending on the number of islands explored. This trip is usually done as a day trip but it may also be combined with other sections along the Bruce Peninsula to become one leg of an extended trip. Continue reading

Lion’s Head Provincial Nature Reserve

by Doug Cunningham

Lion's Head Lighthouse
Lion’s Head Lighthouse

The trip along the Georgian Bay shoreline of the Bruce Peninsula from Lion’s Head to Barrow Bay is approximately 12 kilometres in length. One should allow the better part of a day to enjoy it as a day-trip, or could make it a leisurely two-day trip by camping at McKay’s Harbour where an old logging road leads up to the Bruce Trail. Continue reading

Circumnavigation of Lyal Island

by Doug Cunningham

The somewhat protected waters of Stokes Bay and Myles Bay on the west side of the Bruce Peninsula provide an excellent area for a single-day loop-trip. The trip is approximately 12 kilometres in length and requires about 4 hours of leisurely paddling not including sightseeing stops or refreshment breaks.

Continue reading

Circumnavigation of Cove Island

by Doug Cunningham

Cove Island Lighthouse
Cove Island Lighthouse

This trip can be done either as a 20 kilometre round trip, (which would include the circumnavigation of Cove Island), or a shorter day-trip involving visits to the island’s picturesque west coast, or as one component of a multi-day excursion involving camping on Flowerpot Island. Continue reading

Fathom Five National Park

Cove Island Lighthouse
Cove Island Lighthouse

This park, located at the tip of the Bruce Peninsula, is the perfect location for a multi-day trip where the paddler can explore the many islands making up the park from a base camp on Flowerpot island, the only location in the park where camping is permitted. Shorter day-trips involving visits to any of the islands nearer the mainland are also possible. Continue reading